Did the G.I. bill discriminate against Black World War II veterans? Using a variety of historical sources, I estimate similar average amounts of G.I. benefits received by Black and white World War II veterans. However, there were disparate welfare implications, as white veterans' real cash-equivalents of the benefits were, on average, about two-thirds of the government's expenditure, while the average real cash-equivalent among Black veterans was only a quarter of the government's expenditure.